Friday, October 7, 2011

Vitamin A and Prevention morbidity and mortality in infants

Posted by Chantel M. Contributed by US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health

In a study of "Neonatal vitamin A supplementation for the prevention of mortality and morbidity in term neonates in developing countries" by Haider BA, Bhutta ZA., posted in US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, researchers found that Considering mortality in early infancy being a major contributory cause of overall child mortality for the under five year old group in developing countries, it is critical to obtain sound scientific evidence of the effect of vitamin A supplementation in neonates. Evidence provided in this review does indicate a potential beneficial effect of supplementing neonates with vitamin A at birth for reducing mortality in the first half of infancy. Considering the absence of a clear indication of the biological mechanism and conflicting findings from individual studies in settings with varying levels of maternal vitamin A deficiency and infant mortality, and given four additional ongoing trials with approximately 100,000 neonates being enrolled, we propose a delay in any policy recommendations for neonatal vitamin A supplementation.

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